Cold weather can cause serious problems when it affects the water supply pipes in your home. Cold temperatures cause things to contract, ice however is different it , has more volume than water so when water freezes inside a pipe, it expands and increases pressure inside the pipe. The pressure needs to escape so it literally bursts right out of the pipe. This can occur at a weak joint in the pipe or the wall of the pipe. One way to prevent water pipes from bursting during extreme cold is to turn on your taps to allow a slow stream of water to escape. This will keep water flowing through the pipes and, prevent pressure from building up inside. One of the most common problem areas in winter is your supply line from the meter. To prevent frozen pipes, Insulate exposed water supply pipes with foam pipe sleeves.
Even the best handymen and women occasionally make a mistake and put a nail through a pipe or break a pipe while decorating or carrying out repairs.
If water pipes aren’t secured, they can sometimes move around inside the walls whenever water is suddenly turned on or off. If you’ve ever heard pipes clanking inside walls or floors, that’s the pipes moving back and forth. Over time this can weaken joints until a failure occurs and allows pressurized water to escape the pipe. The resulting damage is every homeowners nightmare.
Water pressure issues
Keeping a normal water pressure in your home is vital for water supply pipes to operate properly. An increase in the water pressure can lead to a burst pipe As pressure increases, the pipes won’t be able to contain it, causing a rupture. If you suspect your water pressure is too high, check it by attaching a pressure gauge to a sink spout and turning on the tap . The pressure will move the needle on the gauge and display the water pressure in psi (pounds per square inch). The water pressure in most homes is between 30-50 psi and n most cases it should not exceed 60 psi to avoid damage to pipes and plumbing fixtures. If your home’s water pressure is too high, a pressure reducing valve should be installed.
Pipes don’t last indefinitely, over the years corrosion can build up causing a pipe to fail. Whether that causes a burst or just eventually causes your supply to become a trickle attention needs to be given to prevent this happening. Corrosion can be caused by a pH imbalance in the water, If you have hard water and you live in an older property your supply pipe may be of galvanized iron, the minerals inside the water can slowly wear down the galvanized coating and expose the iron pipe beneath.
Over a long period of time tree roots wrap themselves round a pipe and can eventually break the pipe, the first indication you may get is a massive increase in your water bills. Check your meter on a regular basis to ensure water consumption is running at a regular level.